There are many complications that can happen to a mother and baby during pregnancy. One of these is a breech birth. Business Insider explains the phenomenon.
A breech birth happens when a baby is born in a position that’s not head-first. This happens in about 4% of births and can be very dangerous to both mother and child. When this is detected, the doctor may try to turn the baby with pressure on the abdomen. Ideally, this is done before the mother’s water breaks. However, if it doesn’t happen in time, it may have to be done on the fly or the doctor may need to perform a C-section.
Babies who are born breech have a higher risk of asphyxia because of the delay of getting the head out of the birth canal. There may also be joint instabilities for a time after birth.
Causes for the condition include multiple babies in the womb, premature birth, abnormalities in the womb, and the amount of fluid in the amniotic sac.
It is possible for things to go wrong if a doctor tries to turn a baby during labor to avoid a breech birth. They could pull too hard on the baby and cause damage to nerves and bones.