The effects of Cortical Visual Impairments on visual development may vary slightly from child to child. Some children may experience partial vision recovery while others may experience improvements in visual acuity and in orienting themselves to stimuli in their peripheral view. Effective treatment and management of intractable seizures may result in an improvement in your…
What Are The Symptoms Of Cortical Visual Impairments?
Symptoms of cortical visual impairment in infants may be apparent to your child’s pediatrician or a specialist like an ophthalmic clinician. The most common CVI symptoms they might notice include:
- Nonstandard light responses such as photophobia or light gazing
- Diminished or avoidant social gazing
- Brief fixations and intermittent following
- Diminished visual acuity
- Visual field loss such as generalized constriction
As a parent, you may notice symptoms of cortical visual impairment (CVI) in your infant that include:
- Fluctuating or inconsistent visual responses to identical stimuli
- More favorable responses to familiar versus new stimuli
- Fatiguing from visual tasks
- Dominant peripheral vision when reaching
- Better responses to colorful versus black and white stimuli
- Better visual attention for moving versus static stimuli
If your infant displays only one or two of these symptoms, they likely do not have CVI. Your child’s health care team can discuss the types of exams that will help them reach a final and conclusive diagnosis.
What You Need to Know About CVI
CVI is currently the leading cause of permanent visual impairment in children. A diagnosis of CVI means your child has abnormal visual responses that cannot be attributed to their eyes.
Instead, brain dysfunction accounts for the abnormal visual responses, as abnormal ocular structures, abnormal eye movements, and refractive error are not at fault. In other words, your infant’s eyes work as expected, but damage to their brain causes their vision problems. Fixation and following of any degree of stimulation may be diminished and your infant may fail to exhibit the expected responses to faces.
How CVI Is Diagnosed in Infants
When the symptoms of CVI in infants become apparent in your son or daughter, you are entitled to a final diagnosis that allows you to start working with your child’s health care team to define your next steps toward helping your child.
Cortical visual impairments are diagnosed through examinations of your child’s eyes to look for anomalies in their optic nerves. Comprehensive examinations can reveal important anomalies to your child’s health care team. Eye exams might also reveal that your son or daughter has an inability to fixate on or follow stimuli even when the stimulus is intense.
Your child’s doctors will also measure their visual acuity, visually guided responses, and may pay specific attention to your child as they reach for objects and scan their surrounding environment. A diagnosis of cortical visual impairment denotes abnormal visual responses that cannot be credited to your infant’s eyes themselves.
Symptoms of Cortical Visual Impairment May Be Misdiagnosed in Infants
Sometimes, the symptoms of cortical visual impairment in infants can cause incorrect diagnoses. The following might lead to a misdiagnosis:
- A delay in visual maturation
- Autism spectrum disorders
- Severe bilateral central scotomata
- Dyskinetic eye movement disorders
- Profound mental retardation
Thorough examinations and testing by your child’s health care team, including an ophthalmic clinician, can help your child receive the proper diagnosis. A definitive diagnosis of CVI is critical for establishing a treatment plan and eventual prognosis for your infant’s future.
Find a Cortical Visual Impairment Attorney Near You
When the symptoms of cortical visual impairment start to show up in your infant, it can leave you with more questions than answers. If your child is showing signs of Cortical Visual Impairment or low vision, you should speak to a doctor right away.
You should also seek the advice of an attorney because you will likely be faced with ongoing medical bills for your child’s vital medical treatments. An attorney can help you understand the legal and financial options you may have open to you. Contact the Birth Injury Lawyers Group at (800) 222-9529 to speak with an attorney near you today.
Premature infants are more prone to significant visual abnormalities, with the most common ones being retinopathy of prematurity. The damage from retinopathy of prematurity can vary between minor to extremely severe. Premature infants also have higher rates of cortical visual impairment, which is largely associated with neonatal brain injury. In the long-term, children with a…
A diagnosis of Cortical Visual Impairment is typically made for children who display abnormal visual responses that cannot be credited to the eyes themselves. Cortical Visual Impairment is typically diagnosed when a medical professional carefully examine your child’s eyes. An eye exam can show anomalies of your baby’s optic nerves such as paleness and large…