Intrauterine growth restriction or retardation occurs when an unborn child fails to grow at the expected rate in the womb during pregnancy. This restricted growth can be caused by a lack of oxygen or lack of intrauterine nutrition from the placenta. Additional causes include high altitude, a pregnancy with multiple fetuses, placental issues, eclampsia, preeclampsia, problems at birth, congenital and chromosomal abnormalities, and maternal infections.
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To determine the expected size of the unborn child, a specialized measurement called uterine fundal height is taken. Throughout the pregnancy, health care providers measure the distance from the mother’s pubic bone to the top of her uterus. This value typically corresponds to the number of weeks along in the pregnancy.
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When a health care provider suspects a smaller than expected size and weight, they will typically confirm this diagnosis via fundal height and a follow-up ultrasound. Additional tests may be ordered if an infection or genetic problem is thought to be at the root of the intrauterine growth restriction or retardation.
Birth Injury Lawsuit
Intrauterine growth restriction or retardation can lead to serious health risks and potential newborn fatalities. If your physician failed to correctly monitor the growth, movements, and fluid levels around your unborn child, they might be liable for any subsequent injuries or pregnancy losses. Speak with an attorney who can help you determine your options.