The recovery process following a cortical visual impairment diagnosis will depend on the cause of your child’s cortical visual impairment. Common causes of cortical visual impairment in infants and young children include:
- Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in full-term babies
- Periventricular leukomalacia in premature babies
- Viral meningitis
Each cause that can contribute to cortical visual impairment will have its own treatment and recovery process.
- Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is a brain injury caused by asphyxia of the umbilical blood supply to a full-term infant. Treatments of neonatal hypoxia-ischemia include reducing your infant’s body or head temperature to improve survival. This is a neuroprotective treatment in cases of acute neonatal hypoxia-ischemia.
The majority of infants with very moderate hypoxia ischemia who require significant resuscitation at birth recover quickly and generally experience a normal outcome. Infants with moderate or severe hypoxia ischemia will have an increased risk of a low IQ.
- Periventricular leukomalacia is a brain injury that affects infants who are born prematurely. It involves the death of small areas of brain tissue around fluid-filled areas called ventricles and creates holes in your baby’s brain. The major cause of periventricular leukomalacia is a change in blood flow to the area surrounding the ventricles of your baby’s brain.
The infants with periventricular leukomalacia include a prognosis of the nervous system and developmental problems in babies that typically occur in their first two years. Periventricular leukomalacia may cause cerebral palsy with increased muscle tone in your baby’s legs.
- Viral meningitis is inflammation of the layers of tissue covering your child’s brain, spinal cord, and the fluid-filled space between the meninges (also called the subarachnoid space) when the cause is a virus. Viral meningitis can have a number of causes including HIV infection and the West Nile virus.Recovery from viral meningitis includes treatment of its symptoms and prescription antibiotics. Your child might also receive an antiviral drug depending on the cause of their viral meningitis. If viral meningitis is left undiagnosed or untreated, it can cause permanent brain, permanent nerve damage, or death. Most cases of viral meningitis experience a favorable recovery.
Cerebral Palsy and the Causes
Rather than a single disorder, cerebral palsy is comprised of a group of symptoms that involve muscle spasticity. Cerebral palsy is caused by malformations of your baby’s brain that occur before birth while their brain is still developing. The brain damage that causes cerebral palsy can also occur before, during, or shortly after the birth of your baby.
Cerebral palsy can also be caused because of brain damage from oxygen deprivation and infections. The symptoms of cerebral palsy can range from barely perceptible clumsiness to significant trouble moving one or more limbs to paralysis and severely stiffened joints that cannot be moved at all.
In some cases, children with cerebral palsy will experience intellectual disabilities, behavioral problems, difficulty seeing and hearing, or seizure disorders. There are four primary types of cerebral palsy: spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed. If your child has been diagnosed with cerebral palsy, their prognosis will depend on the type of cerebral palsy they have and on its severity.
While there is no cure for cerebral palsy, physical and occupational therapy, along with braces and other assistive medical devices, can help enhance your child’s mobility and independence.
The Causes of Birth Injuries in Newborns
Birth injuries are damage to your newborn caused by the physical pressure of the birthing process. It usually happens as your infant passes through your birth canal. Some newborns will experience only minor birth injuries, while others will suffer from birth injuries like nerve damage and broken bones. Birth injuries are most often caused by the natural forces of labor and delivery and can include:
- Bone injuries
- Nerve injuries
- Perinatal asphyxia
- Head and brain injuries
- Injuries to the skin and soft tissues
The difficult delivery of a large fetus might make a birth injury more likely to occur and may prompt your doctor to recommend a C-section delivery, especially if your newborn is expected to exceed more than ten or eleven pounds. A difficult birth presentation might also increase the possibility of a birth injury.
Put a Birth Injury Lawyer to Work on Your Cortical Visual Impairment Lawsuit
If your child was diagnosed with cortical visual impairment, start looking for ways to help them recover, adapt, and live a full, happy life. Your child’s medical team can help you understand the recovery process following a cortical visual impairment diagnosis.
An attorney can help you understand the legal avenues you have that can help you afford the best medical care for your son or daughter. Contact the Birth Injury Lawyers Group today at (800) 222-9529 for a free review of your child’s cortical visual impairment birth injury lawsuit with an attorney near you.