As a parent, you want to consider all potential treatments available to improve the outcome for your child following a diagnosis of cortical visual impairments. Along with other suggested treatment options, you might wonder about the medical or surgical options available to treat cortical visual impairments.
For children with cortical visual impairments, the best treatment options appear to be rehabilitation and education. Although cortical visual impairment is the most typical cause of permanent visual impairment in children, its diagnosis indicates abnormal visual responses that are not attributed to your child’s eyes. Rather cortical visual impairments are caused by brain dysfunction due primarily to a lack of oxygen.
If your child has been diagnosed with cortical visual impairment, they may be able to experience some partial visual development and recovery. Effective management of persistent seizures can often lead to improved visual behaviors for your child.
Seizures and Seizure Treatments for Babies
A seizure is a periodic disturbance of the electrical activity in your child’s brain caused by temporary brain dysfunction. An older infant or young child might show symptoms of a seizure that include shaking or jerking in all or part of their body. A seizure might be less obvious in a newborn with symptoms like lip-smacking, involuntary chewing, or periodic limpness.
If your child appears to be having a seizure, they will be given antiseizure medications. A seizure in your newborn might be the result of temporary metabolic abnormalities or a more serious disorder like a brain malformation, an injury to their brain during pregnancy, or a lack of oxygen during birth.
The Causes of Cortical Visual Impairments in Babies
Any adverse diagnosis of a birth injury in your child can be devastating. One of the first things you will want to know is what caused your child’s condition. When your child is diagnosed with cortical visual impairment, the most common causes are:
- Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in full-term infants
- Periventricular leukomalacia in premature infants
- Neonatal infections such as viral meningitis
- Metabolic disorders
Your child’s medical team will be able to help you understand the underlying and contributing causes of your child’s diagnosis of cortical visual impairment.
While a hypoxic-ischemic injury can cause brain damage at any age, your infant’s brain is uniquely sensitive and resistant when compared to adult ischemic stroke patients. Neonatal hypoxic ischemia is asphyxia of the umbilical blood supply to your baby that occurs later than 36 weeks of gestation.
When the same circumstances occur prior to that gestational age, it is called perinatal hypoxia-ischemia. Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia is the single most common cause of infant death and disability. In infants who do survive, persistent disability is common.
Periventricular leukomalacia is a type of brain injury often seen in extremely premature infants. Periventricular leukomalacia is an injury to the white matter around the fluid-filled ventricles of your infant’s brain that sends information between your baby’s nerve cells, spinal cord, and from one part of their brain to the other.
Periventricular leukomalacia is the second most often seen complication involving the central nervous system of premature infants. It damages the nerve pathways that control your child’s motor movements and results in muscles that are weak, tight, spastic, or resistant to movement. Infants with periventricular leukomalacia are also at risk of having cerebral palsy, learning difficulties, and additional developmental problems. There is no treatment for this condition, and prognosis will vary depending on the severity of your baby’s brain damage.
Viral meningitis is an inflammation of the tissue that covers your child’s brain, spinal cord, and the fluid-filled space between the meninges when caused by a virus. The brain and spinal cord are covered by three layers of tissue called meninges. The subarachnoid space is located between the middle layer and the inner layer of the meninges, which covers your child’s brain and spinal cord. It contains the cerebrospinal fluid, which flows through the meninges, fills the spaces within his brain, and helps cushion his brain and spinal cord.
Explore Your Legal and Financial Rights with a Lawyer Near You
When your child receives a potentially negative medical diagnosis that will impact their lives, you want to explore every available option for a positive outcome. If your child was diagnosed with cortical visual impairment, you will want to know about the medical or surgical options available to treat cortical visual impairments.
Your attorney can help you determine the best way to afford the extensive medical care your child might require. Contact the Birth Injury Lawyers Group at (800) 222-9529 to get the legal help you need to provide the best available medical care for your child.