Neurological vision impairment is rarely the only neurological problem a child with this type of vision loss suffers. There are a number of common neurological problems that may accompany a neurological visual impairment diagnosis. These co-occurring conditions result from a global brain injury.
These brain injuries, most commonly occurring before, during, or just after birth, are generally diffuse in nature, meaning they affect much of the brain. Rarely, a brain injury that primarily affects the visual cortex may result in a neurological vision impairment without other neurological symptoms.
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More Than Half of All Children with a Neurological Vision Impairment Have Seizures
Most neurological problems that may accompany a neurological visual impairment diagnosis in infants and children occur because of perinatal hypoxia (lack of oxygen before or during birth) or another type of global brain insult. The outcome of this type of multifocal injury can vary greatly from case to case. These children can suffer one additional neurological condition or a host of other neurological concerns.
In one study, the most common co-occurring conditions include:
- Seizures, 53%
- Cerebral palsy, 26%
- Hemiparesis, 12%
- Hypotonia, 5%
It is important to note that brain damage from seizures can also cause neurological vision impairments, so seizure activity could be a cause or a co-occurring condition, depending on the medical history of the child.
In general, the more severe a child’s neurologic damage, the worse their visual performance. This means children with quadriplegic cerebral palsy may have more difficulty with vision, while those with diplegic cerebral palsy may have better visual acuity and performance but have other vision deficits.
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Many Children Born with Neurological Visual Impairment Also Have Additional Ophthalmological Concerns
In addition to neurological problems that may accompany a neurological visual impairment diagnosis, the global brain insults can also lead to associated ophthalmological problems. This can make it more difficult to diagnose and understand the child’s neurological vision impairment. Treatment of these conditions is vital to getting the best possible outcome through rehabilitation for neurological vision impairment.
The most common associated ophthalmological concerns occurring in the aforementioned study of more than 7,200 children included:
- Esotropia, 19%
- Exotropia, 18%
- Optic nerve atrophy, 16%
- Ocular motor apraxia, 15%
- Nystagmus, 11%
- Retinal disease, 3%
Most of these conditions have medical or surgical treatments or therapy that make it possible to cure or reduce the effect of the condition. When the interference caused by these conditions is reduced or eliminated, it makes it easier to build an individualized therapeutic plan to help improve the child’s neurological vision impairment.
You May Have Grounds to Pursue a Birth Injury Lawsuit Based on Your Child’s Neurological Vision Impairment and Other Neurological Problems
The most common causes of neurological vision impairments, as well as co-occurring neurological problems, are birth injuries. Many birth injuries are preventable. If your child suffers from neurological vision impairment and/or other neurological conditions, you may be able to pursue a case against their doctor or hospital.
To learn more about whether your family has a valid birth injury case, you should discuss the facts of your case with a birth injury attorney who practices in your state. Medical malpractice birth injury attorneys general offer free case reviews. During this review, you may learn:
- Whether your child was the victim of medical negligence
- Whether you have a case against the doctor or hospital
- Your options for holding the doctor or hospital liable for your child’s injuries
- The types of damages you may be able to recover by taking legal action
Your attorney will be able to explain the steps necessary to pursue a birth injury case on your child’s behalf and navigate this process on your behalf. It is important to work with an attorney who knows your state’s medical malpractice laws because they can vary widely.
Do not wait too long to contact an attorney, however. Each state has a statute of limitations that could put a deadline on how long you can wait before you lose your right to file a lawsuit.
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Talk to a Birth Injury Lawyer Near You About Your Child’s Neurological Vision Impairment
If your child has a neurological vision impairment and other neurological concerns, it may be because of a preventable birth injury. Your doctor or the hospital may be to blame. The Birth Injury Lawyers Group wants to help families like yours. You will be connected with a lawyer in your state who offers free consultations to birth injury victims’ families.
Call (800) 222-9529 now to get started. You may be able to discuss your case with an attorney near you the same afternoon.