Receiving a diagnosis of Neurological Visual Impairment can turn you from an ordinary parent into a medical detective. Understanding what causes Neurological Visual Impairments can help you understand the next critical steps you take in caring for your son or daughter now and in the future.
There can be several neurological causes of visual impairment. Accidental or traumatic brain damage and pregnancy with twins can be among the few. Other reasons may include:
- Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in full-term infants
- Periventricular leukomalacia in premature infants
The medical team caring for your child will help you uncover the cause of their Neurological Visual Impairments. Identifying the origin of your child’s impairment can help their care team create a customized treatment plan that allows your child to maximize the vision he does have or learn to adapt to his current condition. A treatment plan can also help your child’s care team identify educational options when they reach school age.
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Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy
One of the causes of Neurological Visual Impairments is hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy which tends to strike full-term infants and means they suffered from receiving too little oxygen at birth.
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Another cause of Neurological Visual Impairments is periventricular leukomalacia which tends to strike premature infants and means the part of their brain that was injured caused damage that makes it difficult for them to control movement. Periventricular leukomalacia can produce permanent brain damage and can sometimes lead to a diagnosis of cerebral palsy.
How Your Child Might Experience Developmental Delays
If your child has developmental delays, you might notice that they lag behind their peers in certain areas. They might struggle to walk, talk, eat, or control themselves. It is important to note that every child grows and develops at their own pace and that predetermined developmental milestones are a general, rather than firm, guideline.
Some developmental milestones your child might be expected to reach before their first birthday include:
- Infants up to two months old can be expected to smile, coo, temporarily self-soothe, start to notice faces, and follow along with their eyes
- Infants up to four months old can be expected to play with you and recognize your face, start to babble, and exhibit different kinds of cries
- Infants up to six months old can be expected to answer to their name, put things in their mouths, rollover, and move things from one hand to the other
- Infants up to nine months old can be expected to shy away from strangers, understand the “no” command, show toy preferences, and mimic sounds
If you notice your child missing any of these milestones and you are worried about their growth and development, consult their physician right away for a full examination, assessment, and evaluation.
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Recognizing Cerebral Palsy
If you have seen children with cerebral palsy, you know its symptoms can be easy to recognize and can include jerky movements due to an inability to control and coordinate their muscles. If your child has cerebral palsy, you might also notice that they exhibit troublesome behavior and have a difficult time making appropriate social connections.
Cerebral palsy is not a disease. Instead, it is a group of related symptoms that create this diagnosis. Cerebral palsy also comes in four different and distinct types. Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common diagnosis. Children with this form of cerebral palsy might have poorly developed arms and legs, crossed or lazy eyes, and normal intellects.
Children with athetoid cerebral palsy will have slow, jerky movements and strong emotional reactions. The strong emotions they experience can aggravate muscle movements.
Ataxic cerebral palsy is the most unusual kind. It makes walking difficult and can cause shaking when children reach out. You might also notice that they walk with their legs unusually far apart and struggle to master fine motor skills. Some children might have mixed cerebral palsy. As the name implies, this type is a combination of two other types. The most common combination is spastic and athetoid cerebral palsy.
If you notice any of these symptoms in your child, notify their physician immediately for a confirmed diagnosis.
Get the Help Your Child Is Entitled To For Neurological Visual Impairment
When your medical team helps you understand what has caused Neurological Visual Impairment, you may wish to speak to an attorney who can help you correctly determine fault.
You deserve answers that explain your child’s diagnosis and their possibilities for the future. Schedule a free consultation with a lawyer who can help you build a successful case for your son or daughter. Call the Birth Injury Lawyers Group at (800) 222-9529 to speak to a lawyer near you today.