Cortical Visual Impairment is the primary cause of permanent visual impairment in children. The diagnosis of Cortical Visual Impairment is ascribed to children who show unusual visual responses that cannot be attributed to their eyes but is caused by brain dysfunction. In some cases, Cortical Visual Impairments can be confused for other ailments or diseases. Among the confusing diagnostic ailments or diseases your child might receive are:
- Delayed visual maturation
- Autism spectrum disorders
- Dyskinetic eye movement disorders
- Profound mental retardation
If you are concerned about your child’s initial diagnosis, consult their doctor immediately. Your child’s doctor and other members of their medical team are equipped to help you understand their definitive and final diagnosis and what that diagnosis means for your child’s vision, education, and future.
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Delayed Visual Maturation
Among the other ailments or diseases, Cortical Visual Impairments might be confused for delayed visual maturation. Delayed visual maturation is symbolized by visual unresponsiveness during your child’s early infancy. If your child was diagnosed with delayed visual maturation, they would usually see a spontaneous improvement to normal vision levels. Additionally, children with delayed visual maturation usually display normal brain stem function.
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Autism Spectrum Disorders
Autism spectrum disorder is a condition related to brain development. It affects the way your child perceives, understands, and socializes with others and can result in difficulty with social interaction and communication. The disorder is noted as a spectrum because of its wide range of symptoms and severity. Autism spectrum disorder includes autism, Asperger’s syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and an unspecified form of pervasive developmental disorder.
Dyskinetic Eye Movement Disorders
Dyskinetic eye movement disorders are visual impairments due to an eye movement disorder in children who were also diagnosed with dyskinetic cerebral palsy. Nerve lesions that cause dyskinetic cerebral palsy typically involve ocular movements. Children with dyskinetic eye movement disorders may have a visual function that is slow, variable, and highly inefficient. They might also be misdiagnosed as blind, due to cortical visual impairment.
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Profound Mental Retardation
Health care professionals like doctors and nurses rely on developmental screening to tell if your child is developing basic skills when they should. Developmental screening can also show if your child is having difficulty learning. Developmental screening is a tool that can help identify cases where your child may need the attention and care of a specialist. Each childhood age group has a wide range of growth and behavior and it may be natural for your child to reach certain milestones ahead of or behind established trends. These screenings can help uncover intellectual disabilities, also known as mental retardation.
Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy is the most common motor disability in children. It affects their ability to move, maintain balance, and maintain posture. Children with cerebral palsy may also have related conditions like intellectual disabilities, seizures, vision problems, hearing problems, difficulty speaking, and spine or joint problems.
There are four primary types of cerebral palsy including spastic, ataxic, mixed, and dyskinetic. Children with dyskinetic cerebral palsy will experience trouble controlling their hand movements as well as the movement of their arms, feet, and legs which can make sitting and walking difficult. For these children, movements are uncontrollable and might also be slow, writhing, rapid, or jerky. If your child has dyskinetic cerebral palsy, it might also affect their face and tongue making it difficult to suck, swallow, or talk.
How Cortical Visual Impairments Are Definitively Diagnosed
Cortical Visual Impairments are typically diagnosed when your child’s doctor or another medical specialist thoroughly examine their eyes for anomalies of their optic nerves. The anomalies that might show up include paleness, large cups, and pupils that might even react normally during the doctor’s examination of your child.
Upon examination, your son or daughter might appear to have an inability to fixate on or follow stimulation. This can happen even when the stimulation is intense. Doctors will also assess your baby’s visual acuity as well as his visually guided responses. The doctor examining your son or daughter might pay particular attention to how your child reaches for objects and how they peruse the environment around them.
Consult a Lawyer to Discuss Your Child’s Cortical Visual Impairments
Cortical Visual Impairments can be confused for other ailments or diseases. This can leave you confused and uncertain about your child’s diagnosis, their treatment plan, and their educational and developmental prognosis. Providing proper care and treatment for your son or daughter relies on a clear and definitive diagnosis of their condition.
If Cortical Visual Impairments have been confused for other ailments or diseases in your child, you may be able to take legal action. Contact the Birth Injury Lawyers Group at (800) 222-9529 to schedule a no-cost, no-obligation evaluation of your case with a birth injury lawyer near you.